How is the Gig Economy actually changing the way we work?
by Denise GarthMs. Garth is Senior Vice President Strategic Marketing for Majesco, a leading consultantcy providing technology solutions, products and services for the insurance industry across lines of business. She is responsible for leading marketing, industry relations and innovation in support of Majesco’s client centric strategy. Visit majesco.com
In the 1973, Bachman Turner Overdrive hit song, Taking Care of Business, it talks about employees getting annoyed and becoming self-employed, something that is happening 45 years later in the new Gig economy.
The growth of new small and medium businesses and the fight for talent is creating challenges and opportunities for insurers. And just like the song … in today’s rapidly changing marketplace with new products and competitors, insurers must take care of SMB businesses to grow, let alone survive.
Change is being forced on insurers, whether they like it or not. A new insurance paradigm is being crafted, regardless of whether incumbent insurers choose, or are able, to play to compete in a new digital era … Digital Insurance 2.0.
Uniquely, SMBs are at the forefront of this digital shift and at the center of new business creation, business transformation and growth in the economy. Representing the vast majority of all U.S. businesses, SMBs promise huge market potential for insurers to provide coverage for both traditional and new, emerging risks. However, the business models and products from Insurance 1.0, present during the last 30+ years and built around the Silent and Baby Boomer generation business owners, will not work in a Digital Insurance 2.0 era that is driven by Millennial and Gen Z business owners. Succeeding in the SMB market requires an understanding of the unique characteristics of individual segments and developing appropriate strategies for each.
New Expectations and Behaviors Set a New Competitive Bar
To help insurers capture these opportunities and adapt to Digital Insurance 2.0, Majesco recently conducted a new primary research study. The study built on last year’s research, The Rise of the Small-Medium Business Insurance Customer, which revealed increasingly-higher participation rates in digital trends and technologies as well as interest in considering new insurance-related digital capabilities, new products and new business models.
In this year’s research, we dived deeper into these new products, business models and capabilities to assess their interest and their potential to accelerate the shift to Digital Insurance 2.0 offerings — offerings that could challenge traditional Insurance 1.0 business models. We decomposed a range of new products and business models into individual attributes and gauged reactions to them across both business size and owner generation. The results provide unique insight on the competitive bar set by these emerging new innovations and competitors.
So, what did we find?
The new research report, Insights for Growth Strategies: The New SMB Insurance Customer, underscores an acceleration in digital-driven SMB behaviors and expectations, as well as strong openness to considering buying and switching to new products, services, capabilities and business models that reflect Digital Insurance 2.0. In analyzing the data, we found that the differences across the business size and owner generation segments have vital implications for insurers on why and how they must shift to engage and provide innovative, relevant products to an increasingly digitally-oriented SMB market.
Interestingly, between the 2016 and 2017 Majesco surveys, we found an acceleration of up to 20% in digital behaviors and the use of new technologies, particularly for Gen X and Boomers. Gen Z and Millennials also maintained their digital leadership position, with 80%-90% across all company sizes engaging in at least one trend or technology, but often engaging in multiple trends or technologies. These technology-driven behaviors signal an acceleration across all business sizes and generations in re-shaping insurance to Digital Insurance 2.0. Increasingly, these behaviors and technologies are embedded in new products and business models introduced by new competitors, which will attract new customers and encourage existing customers to switch.
The top trends and technologies across all the business sizes and generational groups included:
- hired a freelancer/independent contractor for a limited period
- used cloud based subscription fee software (e.g. Microsoft Office)
- paid for something with ApplePay/Samsung Pay
- use of smart devices within the office/building
- worked as a freelancer/contractor
- and used an app to monitor the business office or building for security or equipment
Most striking, the relationships between generation and company size accentuates two significant gaps; a growing generational gap and a widening gap between Insurance 1.0 and Digital Insurance 2.0, whereby participation is greater for the larger and younger segments, and decreases for the smaller and older segments. This sets the stage for customers shifting to fresh, innovative products and business models introduced by new competitive players.
New Innovations and Competition to Take Care of SMB Businesses
The digital revolution is rewriting the rules of business, and with it, redesigning organizational and business model structures. Insurers are faced with a predictive dilemma: Among all of the new models and products emerging in the insurance market, which ones will gain acceptance and traction in the market? And how fast? And for whom?
Based on our research, a number of top-rated attributes with overwhelmingly strong appeal offer immediate options for insurers to test and learn in the market. For example, reducing costs and risks through value added services, quote and buy and social networking options are areas where insurers can immediately begin to innovate. There are numerous additional possibilities for tailoring combinations of attributes to meet unique generation and company size segment preferences that offer innovative opportunities.
In particular, younger generation business owners from the two larger business sizes are the most interested in new innovations for insurance and therefore more likely to consider new products and competitors. Many of the new competitors are using different combinations of the 30 attributes we assessed as building blocks to innovate their products and business models. We tested SMB reactions to some of these new business model concepts launched in the market the last several years.
The results highlight strong interest in these new business models, particularly among the younger generations and larger SMB segments. Initial reactions to the business models generally showed positive ratings of 50% or higher. But when adding the neutral “Swing Groups,” interest significantly rose to over 80%. This suggests a strong openness to consider these new models. The next question is, will they purchase?
The answer is, “Yes, they will.” Gen Z and Millennials, in particular, indicate positive “likelihood to purchase” ratings of 50%. But, when adding the “Swing Groups,” purchase potential jumps to 70%-90% across most of the segments, emphasizing how rapidly swing groups will likely shift the market. While these new models’ long-term viability is yet to be determined, the growing interest and likelihood to purchase suggests they have significant potential to capture the market opportunity, particularly the next generation of SMB business owners.
Generational Transition of Leadership … It’s a Matter of Time and Experience
SMB’s market potential is significant: U.S. Census data show that those with fewer than 10 employees represent nearly 80% of all businesses in the U.S. And while distribution economics dictate that the optimal way to reach them is through digital channels, with direct-to-business models via self-service, the research results indicate a “one size fits all” approach will not work. Two powerful forces are compelling insurers to make the transition to meet the needs of this important market: time and experience.
First, it’s just a matter of time before traditional operating models will no longer work based on a combination of new factors. By 2020, more than 60% of small businesses in the US will be owned by Millennials and Gen Xers — two groups that greatly prefer digital engagement. The 2016 Upwork and the Freelancers Union’s annual survey, Freelancing in America, estimated that 35% of the U.S. workforce is made up of freelancers and independent contractors, the basis of the new Gig economy. Furthermore, globally, Millennials appear to be more active in the startup space. Dubbed “millennipreneurs,” they are starting more companies per person, managing bigger staffs, and targeting higher profits than their baby boomer predecessors did. And finally, a 2016 survey of U.S. young adults 15-32 years old, Gen Z and Millennials, showed that 55% expressed interest in starting their own business or non-profit someday.
Second, it’s about experience. Digital experience. As the transition of SMB businesses from the Baby Boomers and Gen X to the next generation of Gen Z and Millennials continues to accelerate, digital experience matters more and more. The older generations have extensive experience with Insurance 1.0, but despite their increasing use of new trends and technologies, they lag in digital experience and comfort in embracing Digital Insurance 2.0. In contrast, Gen Z and Millennial SMB owners are overwhelmingly embracing and expecting Digital Insurance 2.0 models.
The question is … are you ready?
Bridging the Business Gap of Insurance 1.0 to Digital Insurance 2.0 to Take Care of SMB Business
While Insurance 1.0 preferences are firmly in place with the smallest businesses and older generation business owners, insurance companies must rapidly adapt and innovate to retain them as the businesses transition to a younger generation of leaders. Adding fuel to the shift, the growth in the Gig economy and SMBs’ rising Digital Insurance 2.0 preferences are creating a significant business gap in products and business models that insurers need to bridge, rapidly.
How to proceed?
Insurers can use these findings to strategize, prioritize and develop unique business plans to capture these diverse SMB market segments. With the pronounced differences in patterns across generations and business sizes, different market and product strategies are necessary. To facilitate this thinking, we developed SMB segment playbooks that highlight the attributes (the “ingredients”) that constitute the “ideal” insurance offerings (“the innovations”) for each segment (the “recipe model”). But regardless of segment, insurers must rapidly move to a new generation of digital insurance platforms that personalize and maximize the customer journey with deeper engagement, enable process digitization, use digital data-driven insights, adapt to rapid market changes or opportunities, and enable rapid rollout of new products and capabilities … a Digital Insurance 2.0 platform.
It is a new age of insurance — a digital age. And it’s all about taking care of business … Small-Medium Businesses. For those willing to bridge the business gap from Insurance 1.0 to Digital Insurance 2.0 … join the chorus with the new generation of SMB customers!
And we be taking care of business (every day)
Taking care of business (every way)
We’ve been taking care of business (it’s all mine)
Taking care of business and working overtime
 U.S. Census Bureau, Number of Firms, Number of Establishments, Employment, and Annual Payroll by Enterprise Employment Size for the United States and States, Totals: 2014, http://www.census.gov/data/tables/2014/econ/susb/2014-susb-annual.html
 Schwetlick, Achim, Pilko, Lucy and Bellizia, Nathalia, “Insurance Startups Plunge In, Roiling the Small-Business Market,” BCG Perspectives, July 5, 2016, https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/insurance-startups-plunge-in-roiling-small-business-market/
 Petrilla, Molly, “’Millennipreneurs’ Are Starting More Businesses, Targeting Higher Profits,” Forbes, February 20, 2016, http://fortune.com/2016/02/20/millennial-entrepreneurs-study/
 Thurman, Susan, NSHSS Scholar 2016 Millennial Career Survey Results – The Emerging Workforce: Generational Trends, National Society of High School Scholars, April 2016, https://nshss.org/media/71029/2016-NSHSS-Millennial-Career-Survey.pdf