Majority of Investment Frauds go Unreported; Tips to Prevent Americans from Being Victimized by Financial Schemes
NEW YORK (Apr. 22, 2016) – Tax time is busy season for CPAs – but it’s also busy season for criminals looking to steal identities and fraudulently obtain refund checks. Americans are highly aware of the threat of losing money to scammers, with half of U.S. adults (50 percent) saying that it is at least somewhat likely they will suffer some financial loss in the next year due to identity theft–and one in 10 (10 percent) say it is very or extremely likely.
That’s according to a new telephone survey of 1,005 U.S. adults conducted in March by Harris Poll on behalf of the American Institute of CPAs for Financial Capability Month. The survey also found that in the past year more than one in five Americans (21 percent) have suffered identity theft or attempted identity theft.
The good news is that the vast majority of Americans (93 percent) affected by identity theft took action to fix it.
Approximately three in four (72 percent) contacted their credit or debit card company to set up additional protections and half (50 percent) used cash or checks more often. Other steps taken were eliminating or decreasing usage of online financial transactions (46 percent), putting a freeze on their credit report (29 percent), and using alternative currencies like Bitcoin (10 percent).
If something appears too good to be true…
“There are basic steps people can take right now, before identity theft causes a financial nightmare. Securing your personal information and only providing your social security number when it is absolutely necessary are easy steps to take,” said Gregory Anton, CPA, CGMA, chair of the AICPA’s National CPA Financial Literacy Commission. “In addition, there are a variety of different investment frauds schemes that have the potential to cause major financial harm. A basic rule for any investment is that if it seems too good to be true – it probably is.”
Being proactive can help mitigate the threat of a financial loss resulting from identity theft. Helping to prevent losses from investment fraud requires a similar approach – and a healthy dose of skepticism. Since investment fraud involves an active decision to put money at risk, often times with friends or family, reporting it can seem like a difficult decision.
In fact, six in 10 U.S. adults who were victims of investment fraud (59 percent) did not report it to the authorities. Among those who didn’t, more than four in 10 (41 percent) did not report the fraud because they blamed themselves, while one in four did not report it because they knew the fraudster (27 percent) or they didn’t know who to contact (25 percent). Another one in five (18 percent) cited embarrassment as the reason they did not report the investment fraud.
“Americans who are victimized by investment fraud or identity theft should alert the proper authorities, regardless of the circumstances” added Anton. “By reporting the crimes, they are increasing the chance that the scammers will be brought to justice and reducing the risk that they will target others in the future.”
The survey found that almost one in five (19 percent) Americans have been victimized by investment fraud. The scams most often cited were Ponzi or pyramid schemes (six percent), closely followed by a fraudulent IRS tax return or refund scam, unrealistically high guaranteed investment returns, collectibles, get rich quick seminars (four percent each), and email requests for money (three percent).
The AICPA’s National CPA Financial Literacy Commission offers the following tips to prevent or mitigate the effects of identity theft and investment fraud and information on who to contact if you are victimized.
- Check your credit report free annually, even for your children
- Get free identity theft protection from your credit or debit card company
- Check account balances daily with apps
- Use solid passwords and change them frequently
- If you are a victim of identity theft, report it immediately to the Federal Trade Commission, your local police department, and credit reporting agencies
- Be careful if it sounds “too good to be true”
- All aspects of the transaction should be transparent; ask questions
- The risk vs. reward should be reasonable
- Resist pressure to invest or act quickly
- Report fraud or suspicious activity to the Securities and Exchange Commission and Financial Industry Regulatory Authority
For more information on the AICPA survey or to speak to a member of the AICPA’s National CPA Financial Literacy Commission, contact Marc Eiger at 212-596-6042, [email protected] or James Schiavone at 212-596-6119, [email protected]