The Pulse

Business Executives Continue Their Seesaw Outlook On The U.S. Economy

Optimism in U.S. economy’s prospects dip after last quarter’s rebound

The AICPA & CIMA Economic Outlook Survey is a leading indicator of U.S. economic strength. The survey is based on CPA financial executives’ evaluation of corporate prospects and tangible performance data. Download the full report here.

NEW YORK, June 6, 2024 /PRNewswire/ — It’s been a pattern since the end of 2022: Business executives’ optimism about the U.S. economy falls one quarter, rises the next, then dips again the following quarter.

That same trend held steady in the second-quarter AICPA & CIMA Economic Outlook Survey, with respondents adopting a more pessimistic outlook on the economy’s prospects after a significant rebound in sentiment last quarter. The survey polls chief executive officers, chief financial officers, controllers and other certified public accountants in U.S. companies who hold executive and senior management accounting roles.

Some 35% of business executives said they were optimistic about the economy’s prospects over the next 12 months, down from 43% last quarter. The overall trend over the past year has been positive – optimism stood at only 14% a year ago – but the chart over the past year (and the year before it) has been a consistent zig-zag quarter to quarter.

“There are conflicting signals in our latest results,” said Tom Hood, AICPA & CIMA’s executive vice president for business engagement and growth. “On the one hand, inflation worries are about where they were a year ago, but over the course of the past year we saw a dip and then a steady rise in concern. So, there’s a perception of worsening conditions. On the other hand, revenue and profit expectations have been ticking up in recent quarters, which signals underlying strength in the economy. Our observation is the mix of confusing or conflicting stats is causing this ongoing sideways movement across these indicators.”

Hiring Outlook & The Election Factor

Another factor injecting uncertainty: it’s an election year. While business executives’ top three concerns – inflation, employee and benefit costs, and availability of skilled personnel – remain unchanged from last quarter, “domestic political leadership’ moved up three spots to No. 4 on the list.

The hiring outlook remains strong, but shows some signs of softening, Some 29% of business executives said they have too few employees, with 16% saying they were looking to hire immediately and 13% saying they were hesitant to recruit due to uncertainty. That’s a shift from last quarter when 37% of respondents said they had too few employees, and 22% said they were looking to hire immediately.

The AICPA survey is a forward-looking indicator that tracks hiring and business-related expectations for the next 12 months. In comparison, the U.S. Department of Labor’s May employment report, scheduled for release tomorrow, looks back on the previous month’s hiring trends.

Other Key Findings Of The survey:

  • Profit expectations for the next 12 months are now +1.5%, up a tick from last quarter, while revenue growth is expected to be 2.9%, more than double what it was projected a year ago.
  • Business executives’ optimism about their own organizations’ prospects over the next 12 months fell slightly from 49% to 48%, quarter over quarter.
  • Some 54% of business executives say their companies plan to expand over the next 12 months, up from 51% last quarter.




The second-quarter AICPA & CIMA Economic Outlook Survey was conducted from May 7-28, 2024, and included 315 qualified responses from CPAs and Chartered Global Management Accountants (CGMAs) who hold leadership positions, such as chief financial officer or controller, in their companies. The overall margin of error is less than 3 percentage points. A copy of the report can be found on
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